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MacIntyre Family

 The first people we can document in our MacIntyre line is Duncan McIntyre, who married Catherine McKay.  They were born in the eighteenth century. They had a son, Donald, and therefore, if we knew if he was their oldest, we would have a good clue as to Duncan’s father’s name. There was a customary naming pattern in Scotland. The eldest son was named for his paternal grandfather, the second son after his maternal grandfather, and a third son after his father. Likewise, the eldest daughter was named for her maternal grandmother, the second daughter for her paternal grandmother, and a third daughter after her mother.

 Donald McIntyre Sr., the son of Duncan and Catherine (McKay) McIntyre, was born in about 1810-1811 in Kilbrandon parish, County Argyle, Scotland.  The parish includes a strip of land about 4 miles by 2 miles on the mainland, and a group of islands, of which five are inhabited. The post office is in the town of Easdale, which straddles the Sound of Easdale. The parish church is on the southern end of the island of Seil.
    Donald married Christina McGregor on 24 November 1832. Her birth name was Christian, and she also used Christy. Her parents were John and Catherine (Graham) McGregor.  She was born in the parish of Kilmore.
 Donald was at one time or another a seaman, a freestone quarrier, and a watchman.
    Donald died suddenly at 5:00 p.m. on 5 June 1857 at his home at 43 Castle Street, Glasgow, Lanarkshire, Scotland. He received no medical attention; the Southern Necropolis in Glasgow listed the cause of death as “heart disease”. He was a 46 year old watchman.
    The 1861 census gives a snapshot of the family, living on 43 Castle Street, Glasgow. Christina, at 52, was a stocking knitter. Catherine was employed as a 15-year old cotton power loom weaver, and Archibald as a 13-year old bookbinder. Only 9-year old Alexander and 7-year old Christina were in school.
Scenes in an old textile mill, now a working museum: the weaving work of inserting the shuttles would have been what Catherine did, at least 12 hours a day, 6 days a week. These scenes are at the Queen Street Mill, Burnley. Except for the electric lights and the modern clothing, and the fact that only a few looms are working here, the scene would have been familiar to Catherine.

Work in the textile mills was not pleasant. The noise was deafening. There were little or no safety precautions. The hours were long, and fringe benefits non-existent. If you got sick or were injured, you had no safety net except family. With no adult male as wage earner, things were especially difficult for the MacIntryes.
                           At Styal: spinning the thread;                                                   at the Queen Street Mill: drawing in the warp threads

     For two months Christina was ill enough with a hacking cough to warrant the expense of a physician, John Lothian. At least he certified the cause of her death as chronic bronchitis at 7:00 p.m. on 18 January 1867 at 10 Mason Street, Glasgow, Lanarkshire, Scotland.

 Children of Donald and Christina (McGregor) McIntyre (some of this information needs further clarification):

i. John McIntyre, b. 15 Sept. 1833, place unknown.
ii. Duncan McIntyre, b. 1 Sept. 1835 in Kilbrandon/Kilchattan, Argyll; d. 2 Aug. 1861, aged 26 years;
   so an  alternate birth date is 12 Feb. 1835 at Ellenabeich [the birth records could be two different
   children with similar names]
iii. Margaret McIntyre, b. 1 Mar. 1837 in Kilbrandon/Kilchattan, Argyll. Alternately, “Peggy”, b. 10 Feb.
   1837 at Ellenabeich.
iv. Mathew McIntyre, b. 25 Apr. 1840 in Kilbrandon/Kilchattan, Argyll; d. at the age of 29 on 28 Dec.
   1869 of typhus in the Barnhill Poorhouse. He was unmarried, and had formerly been a carter.
   Alternately, Mathew, b. 25 Apr. 1839 at Easdale.
v. Donald McIntyre, b. 10 Sept. 1841 in Ellenabeich, Kilbrandon/Kilchattan, Argyll; m. 12 July 1872
   Margaret Noble. See below.
vi. Catherine McIntyre, b. 1 Dec. 1845 in Argyll, presumably named for both her grandmothers.
vii. Archibald McIntyre, b. 20 Oct. 1847 in Argyll
viii. Alexander McIntyre, b. 3 Mar. 1850 in Glasgow, Lanarkshire
ix. Christina McIntyre, b. 28 May 1853 in Glasgow, Lanarkshire.  As the third daughter, she was named
   for her mother.
x. Malcolm McIntyre?

 Donald McIntyre, Jr., son of Donald and Christina (McGregor) McIntyre, was born 10 September 1841 in Ellen-a-baich, a village in the parish of Kilbrandon. It may be situated on Easdale, a small island, half a mile east off Seil, and 12 miles south by west of Oban, off the west coast of Scotland, in Argyllshire.   The island is nearly circular, just under one square mile, and composed mostly slate. In 1841 the population of the island was 531. By the 1880s upwards of 200 men were employed in the quarries, which used the modern technologies of steam engines and railroads. Slate had been quarried there for nearly 200 years.
    Family tradition holds that Donald removed to Edinburgh to live with an aunt and uncle who was a barrister, in order to get an education. Two other cousins (all from different families) boarded there, too. Donald worked in a print shop to earn his keep. He was there from age 12 to 18.  He played cornet in the Queen’s Band, and enlisted for ten years in the 42nd Regiment, Queen Victoria’s Blackwatch Guard, that served in India. Family tradition holds that he fell ill of malaria, and spent two years recuperating in the south of France before rejoining his regiment in India for his final two years of enlistment. He returned to Scotland at the age of 30.  There is a photo of him in his uniform:
Donald MacIntyre

     On 12 July 1872 Donald married Margaret Noble, daughter of William and Marjory (Black) Nible [sic]. Margaret was born in 1842 in Ireland.  At the time of his marriage, Donald lived at 283 Stirling Road, and identified himself as a 29 year old journeyman boot dresser. He was a lodger in the house of Samuel and Janet Cree, along with their 13-year old son and a 24-year old niece.  Margaret was a power loom weaver, also 29 years old, living on Herriet Street in Pollokshaw. The wedding took place on Herriet St. after the banns had been read according to the forms of the Church of Scotland. All four of their parents were deceased.

     Donald was variously a soldier, hot presser, freestone quarrier, and calender man.  A calender was a machine with rollers between which cloth was run to give it a smooth, glossy finish. Free stone often refers to sandstone or limestone, which can be easily cut without splitting. I presume in Donald’s case it refers to slate, quarried on the island of Easdale. He was listed as a labourer in December 1869, calender man in May 1873, a gray band maker in December 1874.

     The family emigrated to the United States, sailing steerage on the SS. Lord Gough. She was a 4-masted steamship of 2,370 tons, of the American Line, sailing out of Liverpool.

                                         Photo courtesy of Bud Dawson, from the National Maritime Museum archives.

They landed at Philadelphia on 13 October 1879 after a 16-day voyage. It is curious that the ship manifest only listed four of them: Donald, Margaret, and children Mathew (age 6) and Marg’t (age 3). [What happened to young Donald?]

     In Philadelphia, the family appears on Venango Street (no house numbers given) in the 1880 US census: Donald, head of the house, was a laborer. Margaret is listed as housekeeper, and Mathew, age 7, was at school. Younger children Margaret (age 5), Donald (4), and Robert (7 months) were at home.  Eventually they seem to have removed to Washington Avenue, where their granddaughter, Mary, remembers them living. In time Donald secured a job at the Baldwin Locomotive Works.  The 1882 Philadelphia City Directory has a number of MacIntyres (with various spellings) but none named Donald. The 1886 Gopsill’s Philadelphia City Directory lists a Donald McIntyre, laborer, living at 170 Gillingham, in Frankford. The next year it lists him as a boilermaker, which would corroborate employment at Baldwin.  But there are additional Donalds in 1886 at other addresses. There are no Donalds in the 1897 Directory.
 The 1900 census shows the MacIntyre family living in a rented house at 5006 Glenlock Street. Donald, aged 57 was a boiler maker, 19-year old son Robert was an iron roller. But the census has several interesting inconsistencies that may be due to carelessness of the enumerator. For example, Donald and Margaret said they immigrated in 1875, not 1879. Donald was naturalized, Margaret was not. Robert was listed as being born in November 1880, not October 1879. Finally, Margaret was said to have had seven children, not five, all of them still living.

     Donald died 11 August 1902 of emphysema. The family was living at 5006 Glenloch Street at the time. The physician who signed the death certificate, and presumably had been treating Donald, was Dr. G. Norris of Frankford.  Notice in the Philadelphia Record of August 12 reads:

On August 11, 1902 Donald McIntyre, aged 60 yrs. The relatives and friends of the family are respectfully invited to attend the funeral services on Thurday afternoon August 14th at 2 o'clock at his late residence No. 5006 Glenlock [sic] Street, Frankford. Interment Private. Kindly omit flowers.
    Donald was buried at Belvue Cemetery. The burial date given in the Philadelphia Archives is 11 August, the same day he died. This burial date may be questioned as the funeral was held three days later. But as the funeral was from his home, the interment was mentioned as private, and it was August, if they did not want to pay for embalming, the burial may have been immediate.
    Margaret later married Harry Barfoot. She died in about 1917, and was buried in Belvue Cemetery. After the Second World War the cemetery was removed and the land put to other uses.
    Children of Donald and Margaret (Noble) McIntyre:
i. Matthew McIntyre, b. 4:00 a.m., 13 May 1873, at 34 Herriet St., Pollockshaw, Renfrew County,
ii. Margaret McIntyre, b. 6:00 a.m. on 5 Dec. 1874, at 34 Herriet St., Pollockshaw, Eastwood parish;
   d. 18 Sept. 1942; m. 15 Nov. 1874 [obviously an error] Alonzo Dawson.
iii. Donald McIntyre, b. 10:00 p.m., 1 Dec. 1876, at 1 Greenbank St., Pollockshaw
iv. Robert McIntyre, b. 23 Oct. 1879 in Philadelphia, Penna.
v. Mary McIntyre, b. 23 Jan. [Mary Shallcross says 21 Jan.] 1883 in Philadelphia, Penna.;   d. 15
   Sept. 1969; m. first, William Grundy; she married second, Joe Sugden.

For additional pictures of Mary Noble MacIntyre Grundy, see Grundy, and Sugden.
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